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Hoofdstuk 5. 時則 Shize - Seasonal Rules - Des règles saisonnières
Onderwerp van dit hoofdstuk
Shi () - De jaarlijkse cyclus. Seasonal Rules Integration of time and space: annual cycles of yin and yang and the Five Phases
Korte beschrijving hoofdstuk
Uit inleiding Major (2010): Seasonal Rules is the third part of a trilogy with chapters 3 and 4. Having established, in those chapters, the patterns of Heaven (and their astrological significance) and the shape of Earth (and how creatures interact with topography), the Huainanzi’s authors turn here to the role of monthly and seasonal ritual time in the proper governing of the empire. Reflecting the annual waxing and waning of the powers of yin and yang and the successive seasonal potency of each of the Five Phases (Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, and Water), the chapter prescribes ritual behavior, colors of vestments, and actions of government for each of the year’s twelve months; proscribes certain other behaviors and actions; and warns of the bad consequences of applying the rules appropriate to any one season inappropriately to any of the others.De samenvatting van hoofdstuk 21 is de volgende:
“Seasonal Rules” provides the means by which to follow Heaven’s seasons above, use Earth’s resources below, determine standards and implement correspondences, aligning them with human norms. It is formed into twelve sections to serve as models and guides.
Ending and beginning anew, they repeat limitlessly, adapting, complying, imitating, and according in predicting bad and good fortune. Taking and giving, opening and closing, each has its prohibited days, issuing commands and administering orders, instructing and warning according to the season.
[It] enables the ruler of humankind to know the means by which to manage affairs.